November Birth Flower: Chrysanthemum
The symbols of the chrysanthemum are optimism and joy.
Chrysanthemums as they are more commonly known are one of the most widely cultivated flowers in the world, and the birthday flower for those born in the month of November. A native to Asia and northeastern Europe, their name comes from the Greek words “chrysos,” meaning gold, and “anthemon,” which means flower. They are a member of the daisy family, which also includes asters, zinnias and coneflowers. Many varieties of chrysanthemums bloom during the fall months; however, you can also find chrysanthemums blooming just about any time of the year.
What makes these plants so interesting is the diversity of flower variations you can find. From puffy poms to the spindly spider and quill flowers, there is a chrysanthemum for every taste. Plants feature dark green leaves and relatively large flowers, with the most common colors being yellow, pink, red or white. Contrary to their appearance, the chrysanthemum’s pom blooms are not just one single large flower, but rather a grouping of many tiny flowers.
Chrysanthemums in History
As early as the 15th century BC, the chrysanthemum was cultivated as a flowering herb in China. It is also one of the four plants known in Chinese culture as “The Four Gentlemen,” which were depicted in much of the art beginning during the Song Dynasty, 960 to 1279. The chrysanthemum flower was used to represent autumn in this style of paintings.
Colors and Symbolism
The chrysanthemum is one of the most popular flowers, outshined only by the rose. It is a traditional flower to give on Mother’s Day. It symbolizes the qualities of optimism and joy.
Red flowers express true love, while yellow refers to a wounded heart, and white the virtue of honesty.
The official flower of the city of Chicago is the chrysanthemum.
In China chrysanthemums are considered a symbol of stateliness and is a popular topic of many of the country’s poets.
Chrysanthemums are the flower of choice to give on a 13th wedding anniversary.
Fun Facts about Chrysanthemums
Chrysanthemum tea is popular in parts of Asia. In China the leaves are eaten steamed and boiled. In Korea chrysanthemum flowers are use d to add flavor to wine known as gukhwaju.
A study by NASA found that chrysanthemum plants helped reduce indoor air pollution.
Trivial Facts About the Month of November
When you think of the month of November, do thoughts of Thanksgiving come to mind? There is a lot more to November than turkey, stuffing and pumpkin pie. There are other holidays in November, many famous people celebrate their birthday in November and many historic events took place during the eleventh month of the year.
November comes from the Latin word novem which means nine. It was originally the ninth month of the year in the Roman calendar which began with March. When January and February were added to the Roman calendar, November became the eleventh month of the Gregorian calendar. November is one of the four months that has thirty days.
Topaz is one of the birthstones for November. Topaz can be found in many colors, but it is the orange topaz that is the traditional birthstone for November. Topaz is a symbol of friendship.
Citrine is also a November birthstone. Citrine is actually quartz crystal and is yellow to orange in color. It is often mistaken for the orange-yellow topaz which is the more expensive of the two birthstones.
Scorpio and Sagittarius are the astrological signs for November. Birthdays from November 1st through the 21st fall under the Scorpio sign. November 22nd through November 30th birthdays fall under the sign of Sagittarius.
November Holidays and Observances
The most well known holiday in November is Thanksgiving Day. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of the month.
Another very important holiday is Veteran's Day which is November 11th. It is a day to honor the men and women who have bravely served our country.
Election Day is the first Tuesday in November.
Also worth noting is that daylight savings time ends on the first Sunday in November. Don't forget to set your clocks back!
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